Chapter One: The Weaponization of Energy
Russia under Vladimir Putin has taken energy to a level never imagined: weaponizing vast energy assets – mainly oil and natural gas – “to increasingly wield oil as a geopolitical tool, spreading its influence around the world and challenging the interests of the United States.”,Russia’s ever more challenging western, democratic organizations like the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) by attacking these nation-states and organizations that fall under Russia’s energy umbrella.This is vividly evident in the slow strangulation of Ukraine by Russia, which continues being a fight over Russian natural gas and cutting Ukrainian access. The annexing of Crimea in 2014 by Russian forces now is moving forward to invade the entire country with natural gas energy assets a focal point in this battle.,Ukraine declared martial law in late November 2018 over Russian aggression and Putin’s border plans to bring former Soviet satellites into a “buffer zone of influence,” that includes Ukraine, Georgia, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, the Azov Sea and Strait of Kerch.,, The Ukrainian government did these actions hesitantly since a Presidential election is taking place in 2019.
But where the geopolitical danger unknowingly lies are with US and western environmental leaders and organizations championing the get-off-fossil fuels platform like former Vice President Al Gore, former California Governor’s Jerry Brown and Arnold Schwarzenegger, and fossil fuel billionaire Tom Steyercrusading for intermittent renewable electricity from wind and solar to line their pockets creating a serious national security problem.,, , , , 
Al Gore – the original global warming profiteer-alarmist – made predictions the North Pole would be completely ice free on December 13, 2008 by proclaiming: “the entire North ‘polarized’ cap will disappear in 5 years.”Obviously, it hasn’t, but Gore and his minions make hundreds of billions off these scenarios each year and groups like Climate Policy Initiative want upwards of $5 trillion to combat the ubiquitous climate change.Remember, that it only took $200 billion for the Apollo space program to send a man to the moon, but trillions are needed to solve the climate with no plan in place or how every nation, person, tribe, etc., will coordinate to lower their emissions, stop economic activity or if that will even work. The climate was much hotter hundreds of millions and thousands of years ago by seventeen degrees before there was the industrial revolution or billions of people. Dr. Walter Williams clarifies this conundrum:
“Today CO2 concentrations worldwide average about 380 parts per million. This level of CO2 concentration is trivial compared with the concentrations during earlier geologic periods. For example, 460 million years ago, during the Ordovician Period, CO2 concentration were 4,400 ppm, and temperatures then were about the same as they are today. With such high levels of CO2, at least according to the warmers, the Earth should have been boiling.”
For men like Tom Steyer global warming and climate change is a ruse to gain control and money. This man made billions off building and investing in coal-fired power plants and he has never divested himself of those holdings completely. What’s deeply unsettling for nations confronting Russia are how climate reversal ploys by white males making billions off their version of environmental-gospel to reverse global warming’s course (if that’s case) has never been unveiled by Steyer, Gore, and the former California Governors to the benefit of Putin’s agenda.
These get-off-fossil fuel leaders while lining their own pockets with fossil fuel seem oblivious to the fact that 100% of the industries that use fossil fuel – which support global economies that make products and move things – are increasing their usage each year instead of decreasing.India is a prime example of a country that signed the Paris Climate accords but are increasing fossil fuel use with its “1.3 billion customers, its oil imports are increasing 5% a year and isn’t expected to level off anytime soon.”The world is now accustomed to post World War II (WWII) prosperity that includes global infrastructures and militaries that supports prosperity for over seventy years that are all based on fossil fuel.And no one knows this better than Vladimir Putin. As a former Colonel in the KGB he knows Russia’s duel-invasion that came from Napoleon and Hitler’s armies. Using energy as a weapon and buffer against another invasion has been proven by how he has hooked Germany, the European Union and Central Asia on Russian natural gas via Nord Stream 1 & 2 pipelines.,, , 
Turkey was once a reliable NATO ally, but now has been pulled into Russian energy giant Gazprom’s sphere at Putin’s behest with the near completion of the Turk Stream natural gas pipeline.If Turkey falls further under Russian influence – and this defiance is taking place with the 2018 purchase of the lethal, Russian S-400 anti-missile weapon that “poses a serious security risk if integrated into NATO hardware,” then the Cold War of energy taking place will grow faster than anticipated.The Turk Stream pipeline has brought this stark reality forward.
This prosperity from fossil fuels that is now weaponized can be used against the West’s useful idiots – evidenced by Tom Steyer– since this oil, natural gas and particularly coal prosperity has led to reduced infant mortality, extended lifespans, and allowed the movement of goods and people anywhere in the world via thediesel engine and jet turbine.,Both have done more for the cause of globalization than anything else; and both get their fuels from oil. Without transportation – there is no commerce – since globalized road and air travel dominate most people’s lives in industrialized countries and emerging markets.
What Putin likewise understands is the unintended consequences of getting-off-fossil fuels wouldn’t actually reduce emissions since additional coal, oil and natural gas power plants are needed as backup for renewable energy.Instead Putin, Middle Eastern dictators, President Xi of China and all other tin-pot dictators would undoubtedly encourage eliminating the industries and infrastructures that are driven by the energy density of oil, coal and natural gas since they have never indicated they would join the likes of Tom Steyer in this foolish undertaking.China even more than Russia wants to “remake the world order,” that’s been in place for over seventy years and would back Steyer if they believed it would hurt the west and specifically the US.Steyer, recklessly has led the charge to kill business in California by blocking fossil fuel extraction and production (E&P) that has caused thousands of businesses to leave California; however, Russia, Iran, China, India, Australia and all of Southeast Asia never considers killing E&P in the name of leftist, environmental causes exemplified by Steyer and his misguided ilk., ,
This inclusiveness then includes medications made from the chemicals derived out of fossil fuels, fertilizers that feed the world, planes, trains, ships, vehicles and without access to crude oil byproducts cause higher death tolls that are derived when people and nations not having access to reliable, scalable, affordable and flexible energy. Make no mistake, Vladimir Putin understands all of this and uses it against the western environmental movement for his gain. The west is moving to eliminate prosperity and handing the world over to Chinese authoritarians, a Russian dictator and the Iranian Ayatollahs without ever understanding the weaponization of energy.Iran will be particularly difficult in 2019 and beyond as their economy from oil and natural gas improves and their military-terrorist-proxies wreak global havoc.Only Trump seems to understand through his trade war that the way to change political and societal behavior of dictators and authoritarian like China is through coercive action.The US is winning the trade war the same way Russia is using energy as a weapon. But the overwhelming majority of western voters, Washington D.C. bureaucracy and most global media outlets don’t understand the nasty, ill-defined nature of geopolitics that trade wars (which are short-lived) and energy (which affects everything) are the lens of how to view 21stcentury prosperity.
Large nation-states exemplified by the EU and Japan’s late December 2018 trade agreement mean free trade is alive and well, but without stable, reliable, scalable, flexible and affordable energy this agreement won’t reach its full potential.Literally, energy and the weaponization of this growing natural asset will define the coming decades. Putin more than China and Iran understands this corollary affect better than anyone; seemingly, Putin’s playing energy chess while the rest of the globe is playing energy checkers.The unnerving part about Russia and western energy naivety is that Moscow sees itself as being in a state of war since 2005 with energy being its main funding component to subvert democracies, control nation-state economies and hinder political institutions. On January 18, 2005, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov told the Academy of Military Sciences, “There is a war against Russia under way, and it has been going on for quite a few years.”Minister Ivanov never defined who or what entity was at war against Russia; but Russian paranoia has been going on longer than the Czars so it’s not surprising Putin or his Defense Minister hold these views.
Where this weaponization comes into focus is how Moscow has accrued funds from oil and natural gas sales to Europe and Asia specifically then used these monies to gain geopolitical influence in Syria, the Black Sea, Crimea, the US political process and Southeast Asia. These public monies do Putin’s bidding to subtract western concessions through advanced cyber warfare activities, dirty money and overall, geopolitical subversion. Putin and his crony, oligarch-driven governments’ “Putinomics” pays the upper elites in society to keep the system in place.
What western regimes can accomplish to thwart Putin’s geopolitical, energy ambitions while attempting to rebuild the former Soviet Union’s sphere of influence is maintain crippling sanctions on Putin’s economic holdings – and the elites in his government – but more importantly leverage Western holdings of oil and natural gas against Moscow’s efforts. It can’t be stressed enough how energy sales through Russian companies Rosneft and Gazprom are used “to subvert pro-Western regimes and gain a free hand for its polices of aggression. This is particularly the point in Eastern Europe.”Though staunch Russian allies like Belarus are tiring of Putin’s geopolitical gambits using energy.
From Baltic States to Eastern Europe – including Poland and Black Sea bordered, countries – Moscow has further used its energy weapons, “to corrupt politicians, parties, institutions and buy up media.”Places like Hungary and Bulgaria can’t survive without Russian energy and its pipelines are conduits for big Russian gas users: Italy and Germany. But the US has also weaponized their energy sources in a different fashion by unleashing US shale oil and natural gas plays like never before. Under Trump’s America First energy plan (whether good or bad depending on how you view him, climate change, clean energy, and geopolitics) the immense productivity of shale production in Texas; North Dakota, Oklahoma and Louisiana are changing global energy markets and international geopolitics at the highest levels.
American energy producers are rewriting Washington’s geopolitical standing in the world and countering Putin’s weaponization through oil and natural gas production. With shale producers confidence at an all-time high they have forced prices lower, debunked OPEC’s power and stripped OPEC + (Russia and Saudi Arabia leading this coalition) the ability to outflank US sanctions against Russia. US shale oil is now a weapon the way OPEC punished U.S. President Richard Nixon for supporting Israel during the 1973 Yom Kippur War by hurling the OPEC oil embargo at a fragile US economy.,The days of world economies and leaders kowtowing to Arab oil producers and Russian oligarchs are in the rearview mirror. The United States in 2018 surpassed Russia and Saudi Arabia to be the world’s biggest oil producer with total crude output climbing to roughly 11.7 million barrels per day (mbp); and:
In the near future America will be energy independent, except for California, and supplying the world with oil and natural gas if US domestic politics don’t strip the ability of shale-heavy state to keep breaking E&P records. If current US production keeps pace in shale-rich areas the US will top 15 mbp between 2020 and 2022. To back this claim in mid-December 2018 the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s Short-Term Energy Outlookannounced, “The U.S to average 12.1 mb/d in 2019 up sharply from a 10.9 mb/d average in 2018.” World politics and international relations have changed in the last ten years, because of American fracking; and this trend will continue, which means Russia will respond.From 2017 onward Russia has found further geopolitical, energy deals in Venezuela (billions in energy loans for access in America’s backyard), Assad’s Syria, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Iranian oil field auctions, China and over $4 billion invested in Kurdistan., 
Contrariwise, California, the 5thlargest economy in the world will be identified as a national security for the US. America is now a net exporter of crude and refined oil products, but California has no access to shale oil due to no pipelines over the Sierra Mountains. California heavily relies on imported oil from foreign countries; the state also relies on those countries for more than 56% (up from 5% in 1992) of the state’s daily energy needs. This costs more than $60 million dollars a day – while California is home to the Monterrey Shale – one of the largest, untapped, oil reserves – in America.
The US shale revolution has basically eliminated the need for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) imports since “The first shipment of U.S. LNG from the lower 48 states left in February 2016 and now the US exports LNG to Europe, Asia, Southeast Asia, South America and the Middle East.”The US’ abundant supply counters Russian gas weaponization by creating greater supply and putting downward pressures on prices of LNG globally. Other close Russian allies like Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia (who have been double-crossed by Russia over natural gas deliveries) support and welcome heavy US LNG exports that keep prices low during cold Eastern European and Central Asian long, winter months.
To counter Russian natural gas weaponization the US-led liberal world order needs to ensure abundant supplies to Western and Eastern Europe and stop Ankara (Turkey’s capital) from pressuring small, independent countries vulnerable to authoritarian pressure like Cyprus from drilling for hydrocarbons in their exclusive economic zone (EEZ).,The US and other nations aligned under the US-led order should use the soft power diplomacy that energy offers. Even a basic understanding of Russian energy-weaponization-policy using their military, intelligence units, cyber warfare and Russian energy giants, Rosneft and Gazprom exposes how vulnerable Moscow is to Washington countering their geopolitical, energy actions to bring gas and other producing nations into “the Balkans, Eastern Europe and Asia.”,
To further illustrate the benefits of energy’s diplomatic, soft power there is a long-held dispute over the “Neutral Zone” between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, “to restart idled oil fields in disputed territory along the Saudi-Kuwait shared border.”These oil fields have the capacity to produced upwards of 500,000 bpd, but have been offline for years over political disagreements. The Trump administration used heavy-handed diplomatic measure for both countries to resolve their differences “with an eye on shrinking supply from Iran.” That is the geopolitical influence that energy offers working in tandem with soft power.
With Asian LNG demand, “expected to quadruple by 2030,” the avenues for geopolitical influence and the DE politicization of energy using LNG exports and new LNG terminals like the Qatar-proposed Golden Pass in Texas to counter the Arctic LNG-2 in Russia energy has never been more important to continents and nation-state’s national security and foreign policy.,,New oil and gas project spending is expected to jump five-fold in 2019 (this chapter was written in November-December 2018) according to Wood Mackenzie.Moreover, new discoveries were on the uptick in 2018 – “discovered resources stand at about 8.8 billion barrels of oil equivalent, and could close out 2018 at about 9.4 billion; expect this discovery trend to continue into 2019.”
Energy historian Daniel Yergin’s groundbreaking book, The Prize gives one of the best socio-economic historical accounts of how fossil fuels changed the world; and his follow-up book, The Quest: Energy, Security and the Remaking of the Modern Worldintroduced the concept of weaponizing energy, oil as a political concept, and hydrocarbons informing every aspect of a nation’s foreign and domestic policies., Yet it’s difficult to believe that Yergin envisioned how his second book has come to life more than he could have imagined. Since what is readily apparent when it comes to Russia weaponizing energy and the US using its newfound shale influence to control world events is the fight between great nation-states is over oil and natural gas and not renewable energy.No great leader or nation cares about windmills, solar panels or biomass – they care about oil, natural gas and coal – reliable fossil fuels win wars and runs nations.
Putin-led Russia understands the energy fight is the next frontier of warfare between the US-led order and countries like Russia, Iran, North Korea and China looking to circumvent and/or eliminate US hegemonic status that’s been in place for over seven decades.It’s why Russia has proposed over 90% of new capital expenditure (CAPEX), “on planned and announced crude and natural gas projects in the Former Soviet Union (FSU) over the period 2018-2025.
This reveals that Russia isn’t leaving this weaponization of energy space anytime soon. Neither is the US with the convergence of energy geopolitics, economics and realist foreign policy convergence at the forefront like never before. These variables caused the US to release the 2018 U.S. National Defense Strategy (NDS) that “announced the return of great power competition,” with the Cold War of energy at the forefront of this strategic shift., The developing world is also the next great frontier for the energy wars and continued weaponization of hydrocarbons. Billions are still enduring zero access to energy/electricity, unimaginable poverty and no hope of seeing the rule of law and end of political violence in their lifetime. These nations are also experiencing the fastest population increases; where the solutions proposed for them include “mass immigration and rapid transition to renewable clean energy,” while doing little to nothing to assist these billions living under these wretched conditions.
This wretchedness is highlighted because of population and energy consumption studies released by the World Bank Population Estimates and Projectionsand the BP Statistical Review of World Energy. What’s exposed is that more than half of the world’s 7.7 billion people – roughly 4.2 billion – live in the Asia/Southeast Asia/Pacific region; these include demographic heavy China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indonesia.The world’s population will grow by 25% between 2020-2050 but Africa should cause the most distress with its over 600 million people without electricity, power or energy at this time.Africa will increase from 2.2 billion people in 2020 to 2.5 billion by 2050; current 2018-2019 African population estimates are at 1.3 billion. Meaning, Africa will add, “1.2 billion people to its population, whereas the rest of the world combined will add another 0.8 billion by 2050.” To think Russia, China, Iran and the US won’t jockey for political, economic, and energy hegemony in Africa, Asia and Southeast Asia is to deny reality. Therefore, energy weaponization and access to reliable, scalable, affordable and flexible energy is forefront at world issues that will have to be addressed.
Western nations and allies aligned with the US-led order must support using energy as a weapon the way Clausewitz designated that, “war is the continuation of politics by other means.”Accelerated development of natural resources should of course be excavated responsibly, but pretending renewable energy can meet billions of African children’s needs to education, clean water and shelter is beyond moral opprobrium. Even progressive, technologically savvy, Los Angeles, California is investing billions on fossil fuels while California denies reality by stating they will only be using clean, carbon free energy in the coming years.Nothing could be farther from the truth and this type of political-palaver emboldens Putin to weaponize his resources at an expedited pace and will eventually kill scores of African, Asians and Indians who are denied access to reliable energy sources that coal, natural gas and crude oil provide.
Instead of letting people die, starve or live unfulfilled lives over zero access to energy resources – natural gas power plants should be installed over unstable, intermittent solar and wind farms that do nothing to alleviate crippling poverty or stop the resurrected Soviet Union under Putin from stealing the developing world to add to his domain. Environmentalism practiced by Tom Steyer and Al Gore will lead to World War III the way Chamberlin’s foreign policy enabled Hitler; when environmental social equity means nothing in the amoral world of geopolitics. Will the US and its allies be accused of imperialism, sexism, racism, and the other-isms that are presented as deep thought today? Yes, but the converse is nation’s resources in Africa, India, China, et al., being weaponized to serve Putin, Xi and nationalistic Hinduism under Modi. Scarcity isn’t the goal, but actually investing in coal-fired power plants in Africa and the other billions in need of energy while stopping the “nihilism of mass immigration,” is the most moral, just cause a nation can take up against the weaponization of energy.
The current path of demonizing fossil fuel won’t lift billions out of energy poverty and it only serves to fortify Putin’s resolve. Western media outlets, Tom Steyer, Al Gore or the get-off-fossil-fuels-crowd, don’t understand that geopolitical reality. Building electrical lines powered by natural gas is a great pathway to successfully countering Putin and his authoritarian minions with democratic capitalism, energy sufficient nation-states and continents – and market economies leading billions – out of despair.
For the sake of peace and eliminating undue suffering in our time, let’s hope and pray this happens or Vladimir Putin will win and then nuclear war becomes a real possibility.Weaponizing energy is a vast, complex geopolitical issue with national security and foreign policy implications that affects literally every person on the planet. If NATO Membership Action Plan (MAP) applicant since 2008, Ukraine, can be bullied, annexed and invaded without consequences from the west then Putin wins.Understanding foreign policy decision through the lens of energy can either lead to chaos or deterring enemies like Putin. Leading from behind and resets won’t help Ukraine or other Russian border states under assault, but viewing energy through the prism of stopping authoritarians and moving international relations towards the US-led order is the best hope for the world in this century without evolving into the next global war.
Krauss, Clifford, “Russia Uses Its Oil Giant, Rosneft, as a Foreign Policy Tool,” www.NYTimes.com, (New York Times), October 29, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/29/business/energy-environment/russia-venezula-oil-rosneft.html
The Economist Intelligence Unit, Russia Energy, “More than oil, gas is Russia’s main strategic asset,” www.EIU.com, December 11, 2017. Link gives amount proven, recoverable Russian energy reserves of oil and natural gas to use as a leveraged weapon against the west. http://www.eiu.com/industry/article/816211465/more-than-oil-gas-is-russias-main-strategic-asset/2_3
Blank, Stephen, “Russia has weaponized the energy sector in war against the West,” www.TheHill.com, October 17, 2017. https://thehill.com/opinion/international/355742-russias-has-weaponized-the-energy-sector-in-war-against-the-west
Dickinson, Peter, “Can the West Prevent the Slow Strangulation of Ukraine? Creeping Russian Aggression Cannot Go Unchecked,” www.ForeignAffairs.com, December 5, 2018. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/ukraine/2018-12-05/can-west-prevent-slow-strangulation-ukraine?cid=nlc-fa_fatoday-20181213
Bay, Austin, “Russia’s Pinprick War in Ukraine Has Global Implications,” www.Townhall.com, November 21, 2018. https://townhall.com/columnists/austinbay/2018/11/21/russias-pinprick-war-in-ukraine-has-global-implications-n2536316?utm_source=thdaily&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=nl&newsletterad=&bcid=f474ff7f07777dc0fd4d372af0dcd99b&recip=24783318
Meredith, Sam, “Ukraine declares martial law amidst intensifying standoff with Russia,” www.CNBC.com, November 26, 2018. https://www.cnbc.com/2018/11/26/russia-ukraines-proposal-of-martial-law-adds-instability-to-standoff.html
Hirsh, Michael, “How Putin Is Perfecting His Border Plan,” www.ForeignAffairs.com, November 28, 2018. https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/11/28/putins-near-perfect-plan/
Wikipedia.com, “Occupied territories of Georgia,” www.Wikipedia.com, Page accessed on December 13, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupied_territories_of_Georgia
Stein, Ronald, “Is California becoming a national security risk? www.cfact.org, November 13, 2018. https://thehill.com/opinion/international/355742-russias-has-weaponized-the-energy-sector-in-war-against-the-west
Kaufman, Alexander C., “Al Gore’s Stupendous Wealth Complicates His Climate Message. That Can Change,” www.HuffingtonPost.com, October 3, 2017. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/al-gore-wealth_us_599709f2e4b0e8cc855d5c09
Walters, Dan, “Warm and fuzzy book (The Browns of California) about Browns falls short,” www.CalMatters.org, August 5, 2018. Link provided to show article and book detail how Pat and Jerry Brown made millions off fossil fuels. https://calmatters.org/articles/commentary/warm-and-fuzzy-book-about-browns-falls-short/
Lomberg, Bjorn, “Arnold Schwarzenegger Is Wrong On Climate Change,” www.Forbes.com, December 12, 2015. https://www.forbes.com/sites/bjornlomborg/2015/12/12/when-politicians-speak-their-minds-facts-still-matter/#31c83a6c3d62
Barbaro, Michael, Davenport, Coral, “Aims of Donor Are Shadowed by Past in Coal,” www.NYTimes.com, July 4, 2014. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/05/us/politics/prominent-environmentalist-helped-fund-coal-projects.html
Greenhut, Steven, from the magazine, “Well-Heeled and Wrongheaded in California: Tom Steyer spend millions to stop energy exploration,” www.City-Journal.org, Summer 2014. https://www.city-journal.org/html/well-heeled-and-wrongheaded-california-13673.html
Hoft, Jim, “10 YEARS AGO TODAY – Al Gore Predicted North Pole Would Be COMPLTELY ICE FREE in Five Years,” www.TheGatewayPundit.com, December 13, 2018. https://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2018/12/10-years-ago-today-al-gore-predicted-north-pole-would-be-completely-ice-free-in-five-years/
Moore, Stephen, “Follow the (climate change) Money,” www.Townhall.com, December 18, 2018. https://townhall.com/columnists/stephenmoore/2018/12/18/follow-the-climate-change-money-n2537638?utm_source=thdaily&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=nl&newsletterad=12/18/2018&bcid=f474ff7f07777dc0fd4d372af0dcd99b&recip=24783318
Williams, Walter, “Global Warming,” www.Townhall.com, March 11, 2015. https://townhall.com/columnists/walterewilliams/2015/03/11/global-warming-n1967847
Galen, Rich, “Climate Change,” www.Townhall.com, December 14, 2015. https://townhall.com/columnists/richgalen/2015/12/14/climate-change-n2093325
Driessen, Paul, “We are still in” totalitarians flunk basic reality,” www.CanadaFreePress.com, December 16, 2018. (SPECIAL NOTE: Mr. Driessen is a former member of the Sierra Club and Zero Population Growth). https://canadafreepress.com/article/we-are-still-in-totalitarians-flunk-basic-reality
Krieger, Lisa M., “Why fossil fuel emissions are increasing – again: Stanford: Strong global economies are driving energy use,” www.MercuryNews.com(Bay Area News Group), December 5, 2018. https://www.mercurynews.com/2018/12/05/why-fossil-fuel-emissions-are-increasing-again/
Assessment, Stratfor Worldview, “How the U.S. Is Complicating India’s Relationship With Iran,” www.Worldview.Stratfor.com, December 14, 2018. https://worldview.stratfor.com/article/how-us-complicating-indias-relationship-iran?utm_campaign=B2C%20%7C%20Newsletter%20%7C%20060818&utm_source=hs_email&utm_medium=email&utm_content=68364505&_hsenc=p2ANqtz-8lnU_FPqeIXgS2xE56Gc829PnlktctKHUh4wRsv9qc96I1hI4-BLyonPD9mQnMiV6jbS2DPLHZR1PE9lrpHj4wxTrpbA&_hsmi=68365124
Hanson, Victor Davis, The Second World War: How The First Global Conflict Was Fought And Won, (Basic Books, Hachette Book Group, New York, NY), PART SEVEN: ENDS, Chapter 20, pages 503-30. October 17, 2017. https://www.amazon.com/Second-World-Wars-Global-Conflict/dp/0465066984/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1544664246&sr=8-2&keywords=victor+davis+hanson+the+second+world+wars
Royal, Todd, “Can the EU Its Russian Energy Habit? www.GeopoliticalMonitor.com, January 4, 2018. https://www.geopoliticalmonitor.com/can-the-eu-shake-its-russian-energy-habit/
Royal, Todd, “The U.S. is in a geopolitical mess over the Nord Stream 2 pipeline,” www.cfact.org, October 25, 2018. http://www.cfact.org/2018/10/25/the-u-s-is-in-a-geopolitical-mess-over-the-nordstream-2-pipeline/
Buck, Tobias, “Nord Stream 2: Gas pipeline from Russia that’s dividing Europe,”www.IrishTimes.com, July 21, 2018. https://www.irishtimes.com/news/world/europe/nord-stream-2-gas-pipeline-from-russia-that-s-dividing-europe-1.3571552
Gotev, Georgi, “Green MEP denounces Gazprom’s bullying tactics over Nord Stream 2,” www.Euractiv.com, February 24, 2016. https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy/news/green-mep-denounces-gazproms-bullying-tactics-over-nord-stream-2/
Reuters Commodities, “Russia’s Gazprom says offshore part of TurkStream is complete,” www.Reuters.com, November 19, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-turkey-russia-gas-pipeline/russias-gazprom-says-offshore-part-of-turkstream-is-complete-idUSKCN1NO1KS
Sprener, Sebastian, “Turkey defiant on purchase of Russian S-400 anti-missile weapon,” www.DefenseNews.com, July 11, 2018. https://www.defensenews.com/smr/nato-priorities/2018/07/11/turkey-defiant-on-purchase-of-russian-s-400-anti-missile-weapon/
Kiley, Sam, “Vladimir Putin must be delighted with his useful idiots in the West,” www.CNN.com, July 18, 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/07/18/opinions/vladimir-putin-and-his-useful-idiots-opinion-intl/index.html
Epstein, Alex, The Moral Case For Fossil Fuels, (Portfolio / Penguin Book, New York, NY), Chapter 7, Pages 151-176. November 13, 2014. https://www.amazon.com/Moral-Case-Fossil-Fuels/dp/1591847443/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1544665798&sr=8-1&keywords=alex+epstein+the+moral+case+for+fossil+fuels
Shellenberger, Michael, “We Don’t Need Solar And Wind To Save The Climate – And It’s A Good Thing, Too,” www.Forbes.com, May 8, 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelshellenberger/2018/05/08/we-dont-need-solar-and-wind-to-save-the-climate-and-its-a-good-thing-too/#1048f9f6e4de
Mai-Duc, Christine, “Tom Steyer makes moves toward presidential bid,” www.LATimes.com, November 20, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/politics/la-pol-ca-steyer-20181120-story.html
Xuetong, Yan, “The Age of Uneasy Peace: Chinese Power in a Divided World,” Foreign Affairs Magazine Comment Section, January/February 2019 Issue, www.ForeignAffairs.com,
Vranich, Joseph, Spectrum Location Solution, It’s Time for Companies to Leave California’s Toxic Business Climate, A Report examining California’s increasingly hostile business environment and the state’s $77 billion losses from company out-of-state migrations from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2016. www.SpectrumLocationSolutions.com, December 2018. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/companies-leaving-california-increase-study-urges-more-joseph-vranich/
Hethcock, Bill, “1,800 companies left California in a year – with most bound for Texas,” www.BizJournals.com, https://www.bizjournals.com/dallas/news/2018/12/13/1-800-companies-left-california-in-a-year-with.html
Hethcock, Bill, “Fortune 500 company (McKesson Corp.,) to move headquarters from California to DFW,” www.BizJournals.com, November 30, 2018. https://www.bizjournals.com/dallas/news/2018/11/30/mckesson-relocates-headquarters-to-north-texas.html
Brands, Hal, “New Threat to the U.S.: the Axis of Autocracy (Russia, China, Iran), www.Bloomberg.com, April 19, 2018. https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2018-04-19/china-russia-and-iran-are-forming-an-axis-of-autocracy
Stewart, Scott, Stratfor Worldview Threat Lens 2019 Annual Forecast: An Excerpt. www.Worldview.Stratfor.com, December 11, 2018. Please see the map graphic titled, “Iran Proxies and Previous Areas of Operations.” https://worldview.stratfor.com/article/threat-lens-2019-annual-forecast-excerpt
Lung, Natalie, “Trade War Damage to China’s Economy Is Already Done, Citi Says,” www.Bloomberg.com, December 11, 2018. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-12-12/trade-war-damage-to-china-s-economy-is-already-done-citi-says
European Commission Press Release, “EU-Japan trade agreement on track to enter into force in February 2019. www.Europa.eu, December 12, 2018. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-18-6749_en.htm
Inozemsev, Vladislav, “Summer of Summitry: The Putin Moment,” www.The-American-Interest.com, July 15, 2018. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/companies-leaving-california-increase-study-urges-more-joseph-vranich/
Berman, Ilan, “Understanding Putin’s Paranoid Style: The answer, one of Russia’s leading opinion centers has concluded, has everything to do with a pervasive sense of cultural siege,” www.NationalInterest.com, September 1, 2018. https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/understanding-putin’s-paranoid-style-30322
Miller, Chris, “The Surprising Success of Putinomics: Behind Putin’s Formula for Holding Onto Power,” www.ForeignAffairs.com, February 7, 2018. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/russian-federation/2018-02-07/surprising-success-putinomics
Rogan, Tom, “In Belarus’ energy rage against Vladimir Putin, America’s opportunity,” www.WashingtonExaminer.com, December 13, 2018. https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/in-belarus-energy-rage-against-vladimir-putin-americas-opportunity
Vakhshouri, Sara, Atlantic Council Review of the America First Energy Plan, titled, The America First Energy Plan: Renewing the Confidence of American Energy Producers, www.AtlanticCouncil.com, August 17, 2017. https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/publications/issue-briefs/america-first-energy-plan
Blas, Javier, “Texas Is About to Create OPEC’s Worst Nightmare,” www.Bloomberg.com, November 20, 2018. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-11-21/opec-s-worst-nightmare-the-permian-is-about-to-pump-a-lot-more
Amadeo, Kimberly, “OPEC Oil Embargo, Its Causes, and the Effects of the Crisis,” www.TheBalance.com, November 6, 2018. https://www.thebalance.com/opec-oil-embargo-causes-and-effects-of-the-crisis-3305806
Resnick-Ault, Jessica, “Oil dives on fears of glut, global economic slowdown,” www.Reuters.com, December 17, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-global-oil/us-oil-prices-drop-1-percent-on-oversupply-fears-idUSKBN1OH03J
U.S. Energy Information Administration, Independent Statistics & Analysis, “Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO),” www.EIA.com, December 2018. https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/steo/pdf/steo_full.pdf
Mead, Walter Russell, “How American Fracking Changes the World: Low energy prices enhance U.S. power at the expense of Moscow and Tehran,” www.WSJ.com, November 26, 2018. https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-american-fracking-changes-the-world-1543276935
Zenne, Michael, “Here’s Why Russian Bombers Are in Venezuela. And Why the U.S. Is So Angry About It,” www.Time.com, December 13, 2018. http://time.com/5478644/venezuela-russian-bombers/
American Petroleum Institute (API), “Liquefied Natural Gas Export | America’s Opportunity and Advantage | Why Export LNG?” www.API.org, Page accessed on December 18, 2018. https://lngexports.com/#/?section=why-export-lng
Nedos, Vassilis, “U.S. officials sends clear message to Turkey over Cyprus drilling,” www.Knews.Kathimerini.com.cy, December 17, 2018. http://focus-fen.net/opinion/2018/12/16/5282/kathimerini-us-official-sends-clear-message-to-turkey-over-cyprus-drilling.html
Strategy International, International Global Affairs, International Security, Strategy, Tactics and Defense, “The emergence of Turkey as a regional power & the Middle East disruption & reset,” www.StrategyInternational.org, December 14, 2018. https://strategyinternational.org/the-emergence-of-turkey-as-a-regional-power-the-middle-east-disruption-reset/
Faucon, Benoit, Said, Summer, “Kuwait, Saudis Close to Oil-Field Pact, After U.S. Intervention: Oil production in Saudi-Kuwait neutral zone could restart in the first quarter of 2019,” www.WSJ.com, December 12, 2019. https://www.wsj.com/articles/kuwait-saudis-close-to-oil-field-pact-after-u-s-brokers-deal-11544627624
Wood Mackenzie News Release, “Major LNG buyers’ un-contracted demand to quadruple by 2030,” www.WoodMac.com, (Wood Mackenzie), December 13, 2018. https://www.woodmac.com/press-releases/major-lng-buyers-uncontracted-demand-to-quadruple-by-2030/
The New Arab & agencies, “Qatar to invest $20 billion in US energy sector,”www.Alaraby.co.uk, December 16, 2018. https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2018/12/16/qatar-to-invest-20-billion-in-us-energy-sector
Total Press Release, “Russia: Total expands partnership with Novaltek through Artic LNG-2 project,” www.Total.com, May 5, 2018. https://www.total.com/en/media/news/press-releases/russia-total-expands-partnership-novatek-through-arctic-lng-2-project
Bousso, Ron, “New oil, gas projects to accelerate next year (2019): report,” www.Reuters.com, December 16, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-oil-investment/new-oil-gas-projects-to-accelerate-next-year-report-idUSKBN1OG0LD
Rystad Energy Press Release, “The Oil & Gas Exploration Winners of 2018,” www.RystadEnergy.com, December 17, 2018. https://www.rystadenergy.com/newsevents/news/press-releases/oil-gas-exploration-winners-2018/
Graham, Dave, “Mexico targets 50 percent jump in oil output under ‘Pemex rescue,’” www.Reuters.com, December 15, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mexico-oil/mexico-targets-50-percent-jump-in-oil-output-pemex-revival-idUSKBN1OE0MB
Yergin, Daniel, The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power, (Free Press, a Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., New York, NY), December 23, 2008. https://www.amazon.com/Prize-Epic-Quest-Money-Power/dp/1439110123
Yergin, Daniel, The Quest: Energy, Security and the Remaking of the Modern World, (Penguin Books, New York, NY), September 26, 2012. https://www.amazon.com/Quest-Energy-Security-Remaking-Modern/dp/0143121944/ref=pd_lpo_sbs_14_img_0?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1&refRID=3S9GFGTC7YRTFE00GZ6Z
Institute for New Economic Thinking, A Series of Debates, “Is Green Growth Possible?” www.ineteconomics.org, December 2018. https://www.ineteconomics.org/perspectives/collections/is-green-growth-possible-a-debate
Rose, Gideon, “Who Will Run the World,” www.ForeignAffairs.com, January/February 2019 Issue, https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2018-12-11/who-will-run-world
Friedman Lissner, Rebecca, Rapp-Hooper, Mira, “The Liberal Order Is More Than a Myth,” www.ForeignAffairs.com, July 31, 2018. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/china/2018-11-13/how-counter-chinas-influence-south-pacific?cid=int-flb&pgtype=hpg
Global Data Report, H2 2018 Production and Capital Expenditure Outlook for Key Planned and Announced Upstream Projects in FSU – Russia Accounts for Most of Capex in Region. www.GlobalData.com, December 2018. https://www.globaldata.com/store/report/gdge0265mar–h2-2018-production-and-capital-expenditure-outlook-for-key-planned-and-announced-upstream-projects-in-fsu-russia-accounts-for-most-of-capex-in-region/
U.S. President Donald Trump, U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis, National Defense Strategy 2018, U.S. Department of Defense, www.nssarchives.us, January 19, 2018. http://nssarchive.us/national-defense-strategy-2018/
Edel, Charles, “How to Counter China’s Influence in the South Pacific,” www.ForeignAffairs.com, November 13, 2018. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/china/2018-11-13/how-counter-chinas-influence-south-pacific?cid=int-flb&pgtype=hpg
Ring, Edward, “How Globalism is the Real Authoritarianism,” www.AmericanGreatness.com, December 16, 2018. https://amgreatness.com/2018/12/16/how-globalism-is-the-real-authoritarianism/
The World Bank | DataBank | “Population estimates and projections,” www.Databank.WorldBank.org, 2018. http://databank.worldbank.org/data/source/population-estimates-and-projections
Dudley, Bob, Group chief executive, British Petroleum (BP), BP Statistical Review of World Energy, www.BP.com, June 2018. https://www.bp.com/content/dam/bp/en/corporate/pdf/energy-economics/statistical-review/bp-stats-review-2018-full-report.pdf
von Clausewitz, Carl, On War, Volume 1, Chapter 1: What is War? Translated by Colonel J.J. Graham. New and Revised edition with Introduction and Notes by Colonel F.N. Maude, in Three Volumes, (Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & C, London, England), www.oll.libertyfund.org, 1918. https://oll.libertyfund.org/pages/clausewitz-war-as-politics-by-other-means
Roth, Sammy, “California is aiming for 100% clean energy. But Los Angeles might invest billions in fossil fuels,” www.LATimes.com, December 20, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-100-clean-energy-gas-plants-20181220-story.html
Domonoske, Camila, “California Sets Goal Of 100 Percent Clean Electric Power By 2045,” www.NPR.org, (US National Public Radio), September 10, 2018. https://www.npr.org/2018/09/10/646373423/california-sets-goal-of-100-percent-renewable-electric-power-by-2045
Ring, Edward, “Alternatives to the Nihilistic Futility of Mass Immigration,” www.AmericanGreatness.com, December 1, 2018. https://amgreatness.com/2018/12/01/alternatives-to-the-nihilistic-futility-of-mass-immigration/
Novak, Michael, The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism, (Madison Books, Lanham, MA), Introduction, pages 16-17. December 29, 1990. https://www.amazon.com/Spirit-Democratic-Capitalism-Michael-Novak/dp/0819178233/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1545324496&sr=8-1&keywords=the+spirit+of+democratic+capitalism
Nikolskaya, Polina, Osborn, Andrew, “Russia’s Putin accuses U.S. of raising risk of nuclear war,” www.Reuters.com, December 20, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-putin-nuclear/russias-putin-accuses-us-of-raising-risk-of-nuclear-war-idUSKCN1OJ11R
Jaiani, Vasil, “6 Unintended Consequences From The West’s Passive Response To The Ukraine Invasion,” www.Forbes.com, March 5, 2015. https://www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2014/03/05/6-unintended-consequences-from-the-wests-passive-response-to-the-ukraine-invasion/#7779753914b1